EconomyEmployment DataState Employment and Unemployment Summary

State Employment and Unemployment Summary – 2023 M11 Results – TheFinanceHeadline

State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, December 22, 2023	                     USDL-23-2617
Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae   
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2023

Unemployment rates were higher in November in 12 states and stable in 38 states and
the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty
states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 15 states and the District
had increases, and 15 states had little change. The national unemployment rate edged
down to 3.7 percent over the month and was little changed from November 2022.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states and was essentially unchanged in
47 states and the District of Columbia in November 2023. Over the year, nonfarm 
payroll employment increased in 28 states and was essentially unchanged in 22 states
and the District.
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor
force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households.
These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are
from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings
by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies
used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Unemployment
Maryland had the lowest jobless rate in November, 1.8 percent. The next lowest rate
was in North Dakota, 1.9 percent. Nevada had the highest unemployment rate, 5.4 
percent. In total, 19 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of
3.7 percent, 5 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 26 states
had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See tables
A and 1.)
In November, 12 states had over-the-month unemployment rate increases, none of which
were greater than 0.2 percentage point. Thirty-eight states and the District of
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table B.)
Twenty states had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which
was in Maryland (-1.3 percentage points). Fifteen states and the District of Columbia
had rate increases from November 2022, the largest of which was in New Jersey (+1.4
percentage points). Fifteen states had jobless rates that were not notably different
from those of a year earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large
numerically as the significant changes. (See table C.)
Nonfarm Payroll Employment
Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states and was essentially unchanged in
47 states and the District of Columbia in November 2023. Job gains occurred in
Florida (+30,900, or +0.3 percent), Alabama (+12,800, or +0.6 percent), and Maine
(+3,800, or +0.6 percent). (See tables D and 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 28 states and was essentially
unchanged in 22 states and the District of Columbia. The largest job gains occurred
in Texas (+407,100), California (+268,900), and Florida (+266,300). The largest
percentage increases occurred in Nevada (+3.5 percent), Idaho (+3.1 percent), and
Texas (+3.0 percent). (See table E.)
_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November
2023 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, January 4, 2024, at 10:00 a.m.
(ET). The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2023
is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, January 23, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

  _______________________________________________________________________________
 |										 |
 |          Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data	 |
 |										 |
 | Effective with the release of January 2024 estimates on March 11, 2024, the	 |
 | CES program will implement a new weight smoothing procedure for state and     |
 | metropolitan area employment data. Background information on the new weight   |
 | smoothing procedure is available on the BLS website at                        |
 | www.bls.gov/osmr/research-papers/2014/pdf/st140140.pdf. 	                 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________|

Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., November 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.7
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           2.4
California ..........................|           4.9
District of Columbia ................|           5.0
Florida .............................|           2.9
Hawaii ..............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.7
Kansas ..............................|           2.9
Maine ...............................|           3.0
Maryland ............................|           1.8
Massachusetts .......................|           2.9
                                     |
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Montana .............................|           3.0
Nebraska ............................|           2.3
Nevada ..............................|           5.4
New Hampshire .......................|           2.3
New Jersey ..........................|           4.7
New York ............................|           4.3
North Dakota ........................|           1.9
Rhode Island ........................|           2.9
South Carolina ......................|           3.0
                                     |
South Dakota ........................|           2.0
Utah ................................|           2.8
Vermont .............................|           2.1
Virginia ............................|           2.9
Wyoming .............................|           3.0
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.

Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2023 to November 2023, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  October  | November  |    change(p)
                                |   2023    |  2023(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     2.3   |     2.4   |       0.1
Arkansas .......................|     3.1   |     3.3   |        .2
California .....................|     4.8   |     4.9   |        .1
Maine ..........................|     2.8   |     3.0   |        .2
Massachusetts ..................|     2.8   |     2.9   |        .1
Montana ........................|     2.8   |     3.0   |        .2
New Hampshire ..................|     2.1   |     2.3   |        .2
Oklahoma .......................|     3.2   |     3.3   |        .1
Tennessee ......................|     3.3   |     3.5   |        .2
Vermont ........................|     2.0   |     2.1   |        .1
Virginia .......................|     2.7   |     2.9   |        .2
Washington .....................|     3.8   |     4.0   |        .2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2022 to November 2023, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  November | November  |    change(p)
                                |   2022    |  2023(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     2.6   |     2.4   |      -0.2
Alaska .........................|     3.7   |     4.4   |        .7
California .....................|     4.1   |     4.9   |        .8
Colorado .......................|     2.8   |     3.3   |        .5
Connecticut ....................|     4.0   |     3.6   |       -.4
Delaware .......................|     4.7   |     4.2   |       -.5
District of Columbia ...........|     4.2   |     5.0   |        .8
Florida ........................|     2.7   |     2.9   |        .2
Georgia ........................|     3.1   |     3.4   |        .3
Hawaii .........................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
                                |           |           |
Idaho ..........................|     2.8   |     3.3   |        .5
Indiana ........................|     3.2   |     3.7   |        .5
Iowa ...........................|     3.1   |     3.3   |        .2
Maryland .......................|     3.1   |     1.8   |      -1.3
Massachusetts ..................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
Mississippi ....................|     4.1   |     3.3   |       -.8
Missouri .......................|     2.7   |     3.2   |        .5
Montana ........................|     2.7   |     3.0   |        .3
Nebraska .......................|     2.7   |     2.3   |       -.4
New Hampshire ..................|     2.9   |     2.3   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
New Jersey .....................|     3.3   |     4.7   |       1.4
New Mexico .....................|     3.5   |     3.9   |        .4
North Carolina .................|     3.9   |     3.5   |       -.4
North Dakota ...................|     2.1   |     1.9   |       -.2
Ohio ...........................|     4.1   |     3.6   |       -.5
Oregon .........................|     4.8   |     3.6   |      -1.2
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.4   |     3.4   |      -1.0
Rhode Island ...................|     3.3   |     2.9   |       -.4
South Carolina .................|     3.3   |     3.0   |       -.3
Texas ..........................|     3.8   |     4.1   |        .3
                                |           |           |
Utah ...........................|     2.4   |     2.8   |        .4
Vermont ........................|     3.1   |     2.1   |      -1.0
Virginia .......................|     3.2   |     2.9   |       -.3
Washington .....................|     4.6   |     4.0   |       -.6
Wisconsin ......................|     3.0   |     3.3   |        .3
Wyoming ........................|     3.9   |     3.0   |       -.9
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2023 to November 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
            State             |   October   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2023    |    2023(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,156,600 |   2,169,400 |      12,800 |      0.6
Florida ......................|   9,817,100 |   9,848,000 |      30,900 |       .3
Maine ........................|     651,300 |     655,100 |       3,800 |       .6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2022 to November 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             |  Over-the-year change(p)
            State             |   November  |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2022    |    2023(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,130,600 |   2,169,400 |      38,800 |      1.8
Arizona ......................|   3,123,900 |   3,178,700 |      54,800 |      1.8
California ...................|  17,889,600 |  18,158,500 |     268,900 |      1.5
Connecticut ..................|   1,674,600 |   1,698,900 |      24,300 |      1.5
Florida ......................|   9,581,700 |   9,848,000 |     266,300 |      2.8
Georgia ......................|   4,848,700 |   4,952,400 |     103,700 |      2.1
Idaho ........................|     835,900 |     862,000 |      26,100 |      3.1
Indiana ......................|   3,228,700 |   3,283,300 |      54,600 |      1.7
Kentucky .....................|   1,976,200 |   2,028,100 |      51,900 |      2.6
Louisiana ....................|   1,934,400 |   1,968,400 |      34,000 |      1.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,718,100 |   2,757,300 |      39,200 |      1.4
Massachusetts ................|   3,720,100 |   3,786,200 |      66,100 |      1.8
Minnesota ....................|   2,966,200 |   3,011,600 |      45,400 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,957,100 |   2,997,800 |      40,700 |      1.4
Nevada .......................|   1,524,500 |   1,577,800 |      53,300 |      3.5
New Jersey ...................|   4,291,700 |   4,354,400 |      62,700 |      1.5
New Mexico ...................|     855,500 |     874,600 |      19,100 |      2.2
New York .....................|   9,627,500 |   9,727,700 |     100,200 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,845,500 |   4,949,300 |     103,800 |      2.1
Ohio .........................|   5,553,700 |   5,653,300 |      99,600 |      1.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   6,052,900 |   6,178,700 |     125,800 |      2.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,262,300 |   2,322,900 |      60,600 |      2.7
South Dakota .................|     457,400 |     468,800 |      11,400 |      2.5
Texas ........................|  13,687,800 |  14,094,900 |     407,100 |      3.0
Utah .........................|   1,695,400 |   1,730,800 |      35,400 |      2.1
Virginia .....................|   4,108,300 |   4,172,400 |      64,100 |      1.6
Washington ...................|   3,577,800 |   3,643,000 |      65,200 |      1.8
Wyoming ......................|     287,500 |     295,900 |       8,400 |      2.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

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