EconomyEmployment DataState Employment and Unemployment Summary

State Employment and Unemployment Summary – 2023 M07 Results – TheFinanceHeadline

State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, August 18, 2023	                          USDL-23-1793
Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae   
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov

               STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2023

Unemployment rates were lower in July in 7 states, higher in 3 states, and stable in 
40 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Twenty-three states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 5 states 
and the District had increases, and 22 states had little change. The national 
unemployment rate, 3.5 percent, changed little over the month and was the same as 
in July 2022. 
Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 4 states and was essentially unchanged in 46 
states and the District of Columbia in July 2023. Over the year, nonfarm payroll 
employment increased in 36 states and was essentially unchanged in 14 states and 
the District.
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor 
force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. 
These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are 
from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings
by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments 
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies 
used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Unemployment
New Hampshire had the lowest jobless rate in July, 1.7 percent. The next lowest rates
were in Maryland and Vermont, 1.8 percent each. The rates in these three states set 
new series lows, as did the rates in the following eight states (all state series 
begin in 1976): Alabama (2.1 percent), Louisiana (3.4 percent), Massachusetts 
(2.5 percent), Mississippi (3.0 percent), Ohio (3.3 percent), Pennsylvania 
(3.5 percent), Tennessee (3.1 percent), and Washington (3.6 percent). Nevada had the 
highest unemployment rate, 5.3 percent. In total, 21 states had unemployment rates 
lower than the U.S. figure of 3.5 percent, 3 states and the District of Columbia had 
higher rates, and 26 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that 
of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)
In July, seven states had over-the-month unemployment rate decreases, the largest 
of which was in Pennsylvania (-0.3 percentage point), followed by Louisiana, 
Maryland, Virginia, and Washington (-0.2 point each). Arizona, Idaho, and Wisconsin 
had the only over-the-month increases (+0.1 percentage point each). Forty states 
and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from 
those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large 
numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)
Twenty-three states had over-the-year rate decreases, the largest of which was 
in Maryland (-1.4 percentage points). Five states and the District of Columbia had 
unemployment rate increases from July 2022, the largest of which were in the District 
(+0.9 percentage point) and California (+0.8 point). Twenty-two states had jobless 
rates that were not notably different from those of a year earlier, though some had 
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. 
(See table C.)
Nonfarm Payroll Employment
Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 4 states and was essentially unchanged in 46 
states and the District of Columbia in July 2023. The largest job gains occurred in 
Florida (+44,500), Indiana (+13,900), and Hawaii (+5,300). The largest percentage 
increases occurred in Vermont (+0.9 percent), Hawaii (+0.8 percent), and Florida 
(+0.5 percent). (See tables D and 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 states and was essentially 
unchanged in 14 states and the District of Columbia. The largest job increases 
occurred in Texas (+441,700), California (+363,600), and Florida (+300,600). The 
largest percentage increases occurred in Nevada (+3.8 percent), Texas (+3.3 percent), 
and Florida (+3.2 percent). (See table E.)
_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, August 30, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
September 19, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

 ______________________________________________________________________________________
|										       |
|        2023 Preliminary Benchmark Revision to Establishment Survey Data	       |
|                       to be Released on August 23, 2023			       |
|										       |
| Each year, Current Employment Statistics (CES) estimates are benchmarked to	       |
| comprehensive counts of employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and       |
| Wages (QCEW). These counts are derived from state unemployment insurance (UI) tax    |
| records that nearly all employers are required to file. As part of the benchmark     |
| process for benchmark year 2023, census-derived employment counts replace CES        |
| payroll employment estimates for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto     |
| Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and about 450 metropolitan areas and divisions for    |
| the period from April 2022 to September 2023. 				       |
|										       |
| The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release first-quarter 2023 data from the   |
| QCEW on August 23, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). Preliminary benchmark revisions for     |
| March 2023 for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and selected metropolitan    |
| areas at the total nonfarm level will be made available shortly thereafter at	       |
| www.bls.gov/sae/publications/preliminary-benchmark-announcement.htm. The final       |
| benchmark revision for all state and metropolitan area series will be issued with    |
| the publication of the January 2024 State Employment and Unemployment news release   |
| in March 2024.								       |
|______________________________________________________________________________________|

Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., July 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           3.5
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           2.1
Arkansas ............................|           2.6
California ..........................|           4.6
District of Columbia ................|           5.0
Florida .............................|           2.7
Hawaii ..............................|           2.8
Idaho ...............................|           2.8
Iowa ................................|           2.7
Kansas ..............................|           2.7
Maine ...............................|           2.4
                                     |
Maryland ............................|           1.8
Massachusetts .......................|           2.5
Missouri ............................|           2.7
Montana .............................|           2.5
Nebraska ............................|           2.0
Nevada ..............................|           5.3
New Hampshire .......................|           1.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.0
Oklahoma ............................|           2.7
South Dakota ........................|           1.9
                                     |
Texas ...............................|           4.1
Utah ................................|           2.4
Vermont .............................|           1.8
Virginia ............................|           2.5
Wisconsin ...........................|           2.6
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.

Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from June 2023 to July 2023, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   June    |   July    |    change(p)
                                |   2023    |  2023(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ........................|     3.5   |     3.6   |       0.1
Idaho ..........................|     2.7   |     2.8   |        .1
Louisiana ......................|     3.6   |     3.4   |       -.2
Maryland .......................|     2.0   |     1.8   |       -.2
Massachusetts ..................|     2.6   |     2.5   |       -.1
Pennsylvania ...................|     3.8   |     3.5   |       -.3
Vermont ........................|     1.9   |     1.8   |       -.1
Virginia .......................|     2.7   |     2.5   |       -.2
Washington .....................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Wisconsin ......................|     2.5   |     2.6   |        .1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from July 2022 to July 2023, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   July    |   July    |    change(p)
                                |   2022    |  2023(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     2.6   |     2.1   |      -0.5
Arkansas .......................|     3.3   |     2.6   |       -.7
California .....................|     3.8   |     4.6   |        .8
District of Columbia ...........|     4.1   |     5.0   |        .9
Hawaii .........................|     3.5   |     2.8   |       -.7
Illinois .......................|     4.4   |     4.0   |       -.4
Maryland .......................|     3.2   |     1.8   |      -1.4
Massachusetts ..................|     3.7   |     2.5   |      -1.2
Michigan .......................|     4.1   |     3.6   |       -.5
Minnesota ......................|     2.6   |     3.0   |        .4
                                |           |           |
Mississippi ....................|     3.8   |     3.0   |       -.8
Missouri .......................|     2.2   |     2.7   |        .5
Montana ........................|     2.7   |     2.5   |       -.2
Nebraska .......................|     2.4   |     2.0   |       -.4
New Hampshire ..................|     2.5   |     1.7   |       -.8
New Jersey .....................|     3.2   |     3.9   |        .7
North Carolina .................|     3.7   |     3.3   |       -.4
Ohio ...........................|     4.0   |     3.3   |       -.7
Oklahoma .......................|     3.1   |     2.7   |       -.4
Oregon .........................|     4.1   |     3.4   |       -.7
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.3   |     3.5   |       -.8
Rhode Island ...................|     3.2   |     2.8   |       -.4
South Dakota ...................|     2.1   |     1.9   |       -.2
Texas ..........................|     3.8   |     4.1   |        .3
Vermont ........................|     2.5   |     1.8   |       -.7
Washington .....................|     4.1   |     3.6   |       -.5
West Virginia ..................|     4.0   |     3.4   |       -.6
Wisconsin ......................|     3.0   |     2.6   |       -.4
Wyoming ........................|     3.5   |     3.0   |       -.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
June 2023 to July 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
            State             |     June    |    July     |---------------------------
                              |     2023    |    2023(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Florida ......................|   9,727,100 |   9,771,600 |      44,500 |      0.5
Hawaii .......................|     630,800 |     636,100 |       5,300 |       .8
Indiana ......................|   3,252,400 |   3,266,300 |      13,900 |       .4
Vermont ......................|     305,400 |     308,200 |       2,800 |       .9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.

Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2022 to July 2023, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             |  Over-the-year change(p)
            State             |     July    |    July     |---------------------------
                              |     2022    |    2023(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,118,100 |   2,160,600 |      42,500 |      2.0
Arizona ......................|   3,101,900 |   3,158,500 |      56,600 |      1.8
Arkansas .....................|   1,337,400 |   1,365,000 |      27,600 |      2.1
California ...................|  17,752,500 |  18,116,100 |     363,600 |      2.0
Colorado .....................|   2,869,000 |   2,907,800 |      38,800 |      1.4
Delaware .....................|     472,100 |     483,300 |      11,200 |      2.4
Florida ......................|   9,471,000 |   9,771,600 |     300,600 |      3.2
Georgia ......................|   4,820,000 |   4,908,300 |      88,300 |      1.8
Hawaii .......................|     623,400 |     636,100 |      12,700 |      2.0
Idaho ........................|     829,400 |     853,000 |      23,600 |      2.8
                              |             |             |             |       
Illinois .....................|   6,063,800 |   6,153,500 |      89,700 |      1.5
Indiana ......................|   3,208,800 |   3,266,300 |      57,500 |      1.8
Kansas .......................|   1,422,600 |   1,445,700 |      23,100 |      1.6
Kentucky .....................|   1,963,300 |   2,013,500 |      50,200 |      2.6
Louisiana ....................|   1,926,700 |   1,956,900 |      30,200 |      1.6
Massachusetts ................|   3,690,900 |   3,781,200 |      90,300 |      2.4
Michigan .....................|   4,376,100 |   4,439,200 |      63,100 |      1.4
Minnesota ....................|   2,941,400 |   2,982,600 |      41,200 |      1.4
Missouri .....................|   2,942,300 |   3,001,200 |      58,900 |      2.0
Nebraska .....................|   1,026,500 |   1,046,600 |      20,100 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Nevada .......................|   1,493,500 |   1,550,000 |      56,500 |      3.8
New Jersey ...................|   4,261,800 |   4,335,100 |      73,300 |      1.7
New Mexico ...................|     848,900 |     870,600 |      21,700 |      2.6
New York .....................|   9,576,500 |   9,701,400 |     124,900 |      1.3
North Carolina ...............|   4,820,400 |   4,928,400 |     108,000 |      2.2
Ohio .........................|   5,550,000 |   5,639,200 |      89,200 |      1.6
Oklahoma .....................|   1,704,300 |   1,732,700 |      28,400 |      1.7
Oregon .......................|   1,955,600 |   2,005,500 |      49,900 |      2.6
Pennsylvania .................|   6,005,900 |   6,149,000 |     143,100 |      2.4
South Carolina ...............|   2,253,400 |   2,306,300 |      52,900 |      2.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Tennessee ....................|   3,256,600 |   3,329,000 |      72,400 |      2.2
Texas ........................|  13,527,400 |  13,969,100 |     441,700 |      3.3
Utah .........................|   1,684,500 |   1,725,200 |      40,700 |      2.4
Virginia .....................|   4,082,700 |   4,147,100 |      64,400 |      1.6
Washington ...................|   3,542,500 |   3,635,000 |      92,500 |      2.6
Wisconsin ....................|   2,967,700 |   3,007,200 |      39,500 |      1.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   
   
   

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